spanish articles and nouns

Usually, nouns that end in -o are masculine and nouns that end in -a are feminine. Nouns & Articles. Just as in English, nouns in Spanish can be singular or plural. 3 Definite articles in noun phrases (el de, la de, etc.) And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural. In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. As in English, we use the indefinite article in Spanish when we are talking about someone or something without specifying precisely which person or thing, e.g. el día m. the day : la revista f. the magazine : los hombres m. plural: the men : las mujeres f. plural: the women : Nouns that end in o are almost always masculine. When something is mentioned for the first time, we often use an indefinite article; when we mention the same thing later, we often use a definite article. Using el or la to say the (singular definite articles) Using los or las to say the (plural definite articles) Using un, una to say a/an (singular indefinite articles) Don't use un, una when giving people's professions (zero article) A1: Beginner . (His driving is the worst.) 4 Which article - LO or EL? As you may know, in Spanish all nouns have a gender and are either masculine or feminine. A0: Entry Level. In English, the same definite article is used with all nouns, singular, plural, and uncountable/mass nouns: the man, the men; the woman, the women; the house, the houses; the rice; the fear. Nouns ending in 's' are masculine: país, autobús, mes, compas Each gender has its own article. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Definite articles in Spanish. In Spanish grammar, there are indefinite articles (un, una, unos, unas) and definite articles (el/los, la/las, lo). Perhaps ‘SMARLONE’ will help you to remember the above! Examples: cartel/carteles; pared/paredes; joven/jóvenes. You can usually tell whether a noun is masculine or feminine by its ending. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine – this is called their gender. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In Spanish, nouns (sustantivos) are either masculine (m.) or feminine (f.). Nouns ending in -í, -ú, -tonics, add -es. It's better to check in a dictionary than to guess. These particular ones will help you practice using articles in Spanish (definite articles, indefinite articles, knowing when not to use an article, etc.) 1 Which article - LO or EL? For example, nouns that end in -e could be either masculine, eg hombre or feminine, eg leche. Learn the difference between Spanish articles and when to … SIELE: the first international certificate of universal Spanish, Learn Spanish via Zoom, Teams, Meet… and Skype, Future Perfect in Spanish: a Better Future, Ser vs Estar in Spanish: Changing Meanings, Advanced Spanish grammar rules you should know. (The interesting thing about the book is the exercises.) Start studying Spanish 101: Nouns and Articles Spanish Nouns. Articles accompany nouns and indicate gender and number. The fact that inanimate objects have a gender in Spanish does not mean that things like tables and books are physically feminine or masculine. About 50% of nouns ending in ‘e’ are masculine: About 50% of nouns ending in ‘e’ are feminine: Nouns ending in -ista can be masculine or feminine: Nouns ending in -ente can be masculine or feminine: Nouns ending in -ante can be masculine or feminine. The definite article in Spanish is used when we are talking about a particular person or thing, e.g. “Do you have the tickets?” or “The street is crowded.” In English, the same definite article is used with all nouns, masculine, feminine and others: the man, the woman, the car, the house. Definite articles in noun phrases (el de, la de, etc.) Which one you choose depends on the noun which follows. The exercises on our site are designed for beginners and intermediate level students. This is called the gender of the noun. Learn the difference between Spanish articles and when to use them correctly with Lingolia’s online grammar rules. For example: There are some exceptions to this rule, eg planeta, día, mapa and tranvía are all masculine, whereas mano, foto and radio are all feminine. The plural of nouns that end in a vowel (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u) is usually formed by adding an -s. Examples: silla/sillas; padre/padres; taxi/taxis; mango/mangos; Nouns that end in a consonant usually form the plural by adding -es. But, there are several situations such as talking about transport, dates, the time, or referring to someone’s identity where Spanish articles don’t behave as you would expect. Lo raro es … (The strange thing is …). In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. Spanish articles indicate the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of a noun, as well as whether or not a noun is a specific noun (definite or indefinite). When we say entity, we mean people, animals, buildings, oceans, cities and so on. Read about our approach to external linking. All Spanish nouns (sustantivos), including people, places, animals, things, ideas, and feelings, have a gender (male or female). Before learning the Spanish definite and indefinite articles, you need to know about two key concepts: gender and number. For example, nouns that end in. Examples of nouns in English: cat, dog, house, river, Richard, Santiago, courage.. Spanish nouns may be masculine or feminine. Revise nouns and articles for Higher Spanish with BBC Bitesize. Examples: Su conducción es lo peor. Lo interesante del libro son los ejercicios. Nouns are used to name all sorts of things: people, animals, objects, places, ideas, emotions, feelings, virtues, defects. The weather in Spanish: What’s the Weather Like? This site uses Cookies to provide the best user experience. This is the word that goes before the noun, like a/an or the in English. Unlike English, in Spanish even inanimate nouns are classified as masculine or feminine. el lápiz > los lápices; la raíz > las raíces. There are four definite articles in Spanish, and they often all translate to the same little word in English: the. When a noun ends in -z, the plural is formed by changing -z to -ces. The Spanish indefinite articles are: un, una, unos, and unas, which are possible translations of the English articles ‘an’ or ‘a’ in singular, or ‘some’ or ‘a few’ in plural. Nouns and articles A noun is a naming word used for a person, thing, place or idea. Articles in Spanish may be definite or indefinite, and feminine or masculine, and singular or plural. el colibrí > los colibríes; el bambú > los bambúes; el rubí > los rubíes. In Spanish, a different definite article is used with singular and plural nouns: el hombre, los hombres; la mujer, las mujeres; el coche, los coches, la casa, las casas. In Spanish, a neutral article is placed before an adjective which is being used as a noun. Example: Estaba sentado en una silla. Spanish nouns may be masculine or feminine. (He was sitting on a chair. Just as in English, nouns in Spanish can be, Always use the masculine plural form of the noun for a mixed gender group of things or people, eg 1, Religious, moral and philosophical studies. Nouns that end in a are almost always feminine. Learn more about constructing sentences with nouns and definite and indefinite articles. A noun is a naming word used for a person, thing, place or idea. It can be hard to tell if some nouns with other endings are masculine or feminine.

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